Parkinson’s disease is one of the brain diseases that cause people to develop ‘uncontrollable movements in different parts of their bodies. This disease is usually the result of the impairment of certain neurons in the brain, which are responsible for the transmission of signals between portions of the brain related to the production of smooth movements.
Some of the common brain disorders are:
· Stroke and traumatic brain injury.
· Alzheimer’s disease, Pick’s disease, senile dementia, fronto-temporal dementia, and vascular dementia.
· Cerebral palsy, in which lesions may impair motor coordination.
· Huntington’s disease and other genetic disorders that cause build-up of toxic levels of proteins in neurons.
· Leukodystrophies, such as Krabbe disease, which destroy the myelin sheath that protects axons.
· Mitochondrial encephalomyopathies, such as Kearns-Sayre syndrome, which interfere with the basic functions of neurons multiple sclerosis, which causes inflammation, myelin damage, and lesions in cerebral tissue.
· Infectious diseases, such as encephalitis, neurosyphilis, and AIDS, in which an infectious agent or the inflammatory reaction to it destroys neurons and their axons epilepsy, in which lesions cause abnormal electrochemical discharges that result in seizures.